The most mysterious attractions in Latin America are attributed to the period preceding the European Conquests. The most popular attraction of Peru, Machu Pichu, is just another example of local civilizations co-existed with nature in harmony. It seems as though the Incas have found the secrets of the nature and fully integrated into it.
In short, the ruins of Machu Pichu are located 2,430m above sea level. The site was populated by the Inca civilization and left during the Spanish conquests. The city was built in the 15th century and functioned for over a century.
What is Machu Pichu
After the Spaniards conquered the continent, the historic settlement of Machu Pichu was forgotten by the world. It was rediscovered only in 1911. Due to the minimal human activity, the weather has damaged the textures and the perfect state of the stones and other material.
The city is divided into two parts – the developed city and the agricultural area. These two parts were separated by a big square. It is unclear what the city was meant for. Was it a cultural or an astronomical center? The mysteries around this name are enough to write a whole book. For example, it was long believed to be the Lost City of the Incas. As the Spaniards moved forward with their conquests, the Incas found shelter in one of their cities, which was hidden from the outside eye. Eventually, another Lost City was found in the nearby jungle, which corresponded to the description better.
Why is Machu Pichu an Architectural Masterpiece
Many scientists claim that the architectural technique used in the construction of the city are extraordinary. Naturally, the Incas did not master the advanced cutting or sanding tools, but they have managed to produce ideally cut stones. These stones lie so tightly next to each other, a thin sheet of paper can’t pass between them.
Another technique used by the Incas kept the city from being ruined. Peru witnesses many earthquakes due to its location. Moreover, Machu Pichu stands on the meeting point of Andes and Amazon Basin, and earthquakes are expected guests here. However, the locals insist that the stones of the city dance during an earthquake, and when it’s over, the walls stand as firm as they were before.
Visitor Information to Consider
Despite the overwhelming popularity of Machu Pichu, there are no information stands in the city. If you are not on a guided tour, the local museum will be a good source of information. Ironically, you have to find that museum, because it, too, seems to be hiding from the foreigners.
Hundreds of travelers come to Peru only for this historic monument. Therefore, expect to spend a good amount of money on Machu Pichu. On the contrary, you can save up by hiking to the city instead of taking the buses. There is an admission fee both for the archeological site and the museum. Machu Pichu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the most popular travel destination in Peru.